The tortoise is a seemingly slow but very useful animal for our environment. Its status in water is the same as that of a vulture on land, which is called the scavenger of nature. The vulture actually eats the dead bodies (animals, humans) that are thrown away, causing the bodies to spread or There is no danger of outbreaks of dangerous diseases. This is what turtles do in water. It uses harmful substances and germs under water as food so that drinking water does not cause various diseases. Sindh Wild According to Adnan Hameed Khan, in-charge of the Turtle Protection Unit at Life, the Negleria virus, which had spread like a monster in Karachi some time ago, was actually spread due to the absence of these turtles. The decline occurred and this was the time when the Nigeria virus had a chance to flourish in the water. However, emergency measures were taken to protect the turtles, after which their population stabilized. Due to the same characteristic of the tortoise, it is also released in standing rice crops when the crops have several feet of standing water. In such cases, various water insects or germs can damage the crop, however, the presence of turtles prevents these insects or germs from becoming powerful. Turtles are beneficial for us as well as amazing animals. Today we are going to tell you some facts about his life which are very informative as well as very interesting for you. The tortoise is one of the oldest reptiles found on earth. It came into being on this earth about 210 million years ago. The average lifespan of turtles is very long. A turtle can usually be between 30 and 50 years old. Some turtles are up to 100 years old. The longest lifespan of sea turtles is 152 years. The longest living tortoise in history was found on the Pacific island of Tonga at 188 years old at the time of its death. The tortoise is known for its hard shell on its back. And it is considered unique, but you may not be aware that a shell is also present on the stomach of a tortoise called plastron. Both shells of a tortoise are made up of numerous bones. Turtles are found on all continents of the world. Except for the continent of Antarctica. This is due to the coldest and freezing weather here, which is unbearable for turtles. Although turtles are cold-blooded creatures, they can change their body temperature to suit the weather, but adapted to the icy climate of Antarctica. It is impossible for them to do so. All turtles, including sea turtles, lay their eggs on land. The female tortoise first digs a hole in the sand to lay her eggs. This process takes about 1 hour. After digging a pit, she goes inside and sits down. The female tortoise lays between 60 and 100 eggs at a time. After laying eggs, she covers the pit with sand or other objects to make it invisibleSo that the eggs can be protected from the hands of humans or animals. After laying eggs, the female tortoise moves away from this place and does not return. Babies hatch on their own and struggle for their lives. Sea turtles go to sea as soon as they hatch, so most of the deaths occur during this journey. Approximately 1 or 2 out of 100 sea turtles reach puberty. In contrast, land turtles have a higher life expectancy and survival rate. It is also interesting to note that female turtles It returns to the shore where it is born to lay its eggs. Let me tell you another interesting thing. On the shores of Karachi, the Sindh Wildlife and Wildlife Conservation Organization (WWF), which is taking commendable steps to protect turtles, bathe the area with lights as young turtles enter the sea. So that the little turtles that go to sea at night can see the area well in the bright light and it will be safe in their mind. There is no danger of the female turtles wandering or forgetting to return to their birthplace to lay eggs later.
Nature has arranged the best food for these innocents. The shell on the back of the little turtles at the time of birth contains various nutrients including protein. It is also called protein spot. It provides food for the turtles. As the turtles get bigger, the structure of the shell changes. As the turtles reach the age of finding their own food, these shells begin to act only as a protective shield. Turtles naturally sweeten their drinking water. In fact, sea turtles have a special type of gland in their throat. There are those who separate the salt from the water that turtles drink. Turtles have a very sharp sense of sight and smell. Their ability to sense touch and hear is also less than the first two, however, the best. According to experts, they are able to distinguish between dark colors, so dark colors on turtles for research purposes or conservation measures. Unfortunately, most species of turtles are currently at risk of extinction. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), 129 out of 300 species of turtles worldwide are struggling to survive. ۔ These types range from mild to severe. The potential extinction of tortoises and the decline in their population are due to their relentless hunting, illegal trade, and declining habitats.